Wednesday, August 5, 2009

Phrasal Verbs about Money

Spending Money -

lay out - to spend money. especially a large amount

splash out - to spend a lot of money on something you don't need, but is very pleasant

run up - to create a large debt

fork out, fork over - to pay for something, usually something you would rather not have to pay for.

shell out - to pay for something, usually something you would rather not have to pay for.

cough up - to provide money for something you do not want to

Having Just Enough Money -

get by - to have just enough money for your needs

scrape by - to manage to live on very little money

Helping Someone with Money -

bail out - to help a person or organization out of a difficult situation

tide over - to help someone with money for a period of time until they have enough

Paying Debts -

pay back - to return money owed to someone

pay off - to finish paying all money that is owed

Saving Money -

save up - to keep money for a large expense in the future

put aside - to save money for a specific purpose

Using Saved Money -

dip into - to spend part of your saved money

break into - to start to use money that you have saved

Here is a practice dialogue using some of the above vocabulary.

Well, last week I finally dipped into that money that I had been putting aside for the past year and a half. I decided that I should really enjoy myself so I splashed out and had a great meal at Andy's. Next, I went to Macys on Saturday and laid out $400 for that suit I'd told you about. Of course, I used a great deal of what I had saved up to pay back that bill I had run up on my Visa card. It feels great to finally have some money after all those years of scraping by. Thanks again for tiding me over during that long winter of '05. I don't think I would have got by without your bailing me out.Unfortunately, I also had to cough up about $250 in insurance costs. Oh well, I guess shelling out the cash for those things is just as necessary as anything else...

One last tip

Make sure that when you are studying new verbs in the dictionary to read the entire entry. Don't just learn the main verb; take time to look at the phrasal verbs that are constructed using the verb. This will save you a lot of time in the long run. Believe me, if you haven't been to an English speaking country, chances are that one of the biggest difficulties for you will be understanding phrasal verb usage. If you already live in a country where English is the primary language you certainly have already experienced this.

Wednesday, June 3, 2009

Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verbs
Phrasal verbs are idiomatic expressions. An idiom is a phrase with a meaning very different from the literal definition of its words. For example, to have "a chip on your shoulder" means you are upset or resentful for something that happened in the past. Knowing the definition of "chip" or "shoulder" will not help you to understand the idiom.

Friday, May 1, 2009

Some Common Misspellings

Some Common Misspellings

Allright – should be " all right "

Depandable – should be " dependable "

Indapendant – should be " independent "

Reccomend – should be " recommend "

Responsable – should be " responsible "

Seperate – should be " separate "

Thursday, April 30, 2009

A Lot, Lots Of, A Lot Of

A Lot, Lots Of, A Lot Of
These three expressions are used in informal English. They can mean either a great quantity of or a large number of and can be rather confusing at times. Here are the general rules for their use.
A Lot Of / Lots Of
These two expressions both mean a great deal of or several. They are used before a count or non-count noun. These two expressions tend to be used in informal English.
We need a lot of people for this game.She likes lots of jam on her toast.
A Lot
Use a lot at the end of a sentence as an adverb. A lot is NOT followed by a noun. The meaning is the same as a great deal.
I enjoy swimming a lot.Mary seems to travel a lot.

Walk, Jog, Run and Sprint

Walk, Jog, Run and Sprint

'Walk', 'jog', and 'run' are also used as both verbs and countable nouns. They refer to travel on foot. Walking is the slowest, jogging faster, running still faster and sprinting the fastest. Here are some examples that show the different speed:

I walk through the park on a sunny summer's day.
I jogged three miles last week.
Peter ran the last quarter mile to his home.
He sprinted the final fifty meters to the finish line.

'Hike' is used as a verb and as a countable noun and refers specifically to walking in the mountains or countryside.
We went on a hike in Mount Rainier National Park last weekend.She hiked 10 miles in six hours.


As a noun, 'travel' refers to the activity in general and is generally used as an uncountable noun.
I enjoy travel and playing golf.

'Trip' is a countable noun which indicates travel to and from a place. It is often used together with the reason for the return journey.
I took a trip to the coast last weekend to relax.Frank needs to take some time off and maybe take a trip to some exotic location.

Journey refers to the actual time spent travelling. It tends to be used in British English more often than in American English.
How was your journey from Oxford?The journey to Rome was long and tiring.
'Voyage' refers specifically to long distance travel by sea.
The voyage to Japan takes about two weeks from San Francisco.Many voyages were made to the Indian Ocean during that period.
Other Common Travel Expressions
A 'flight' is a noun which refers to travel by air. It is similar to the verb 'fly' which means to travel by air.
My flight was delayed in Chicago.She needs to book a flight to San Diego next week.She flew to London last weekend.They might fly a jet next weekend.
'Drive' is both a verb and a countable noun. It refers to travel by car or other four wheeled vehicle.
The drive to the coast is beautiful.She drove for six hours non-stop.Let's take a drive in the countryside.Would you like to drive, or should I?
'Ride' is generally used as a verb, but can also be used as a noun. It refers to travel by bicycle or motorcycle.
Janet rode her bicycle to the grocery store.Can I ride your motorcycle?Let's take a ride on our bikes through the countryside.

Sunday, February 15, 2009

Business Voc

1. across the board
2. break the ice
3. broke the news
4. back to the drawing board
5. take on board
6. on to a good thing
7. bullish
8. breathing down
9. on to a good thing
10. brainstorm

Business Expressions

1. bottom line
2. blue collar
3. a bitter pill
4. back to the drawing board.
5. blow-by-blow
6. back to the drawing board.
7. bottlenecks
8. black economy
9. bombed
10. went like a bomb

Sunday, July 27, 2008

Your Feedback Comments? Concerns? Questions?

We'd love to hear from you.....
Do write a comment...
Mansi Arora

Saturday, July 26, 2008

Speech Exercise: Tongue Twisters

1) Keeping customers content creates kingly profits.
2) Success seeds success.
3) Bigger business isn’t better business but better business brings bigger rewards.
4) Wanting won’t win; winning ways are active ways.
5) Seventeen sales slips slithered slowly southwards.
6) Don’t go deep into debt.
7) Ensuring excellence isn’t easy.
8) Time takes a terrible toll on intentions.
Mansi Arora


We WANT to GO.
We WANT to GO to WORK.
Mansi Arora

Say or Tell?

Say and tell have similar meanings. They both mean to communicate verbally with someone. But we often use them differently.
The simple way to think of say and tell is:
You say something
You tell someone something
You say something
You tell someone something
Ram said that he was tired.
Ram told Jane that he was tired.
Anthony says you have a new job.
Anthony tells me you have a new job.
Tara said: "I love you."
Tara told John that she loved him.

Mansi Arora


Glossary of English Grammar Terms

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Thursday, July 24, 2008

Day 20

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Day 19

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Day 18

dull = boring
mean = cruel
mean = stingy, tight-fisted
proud = arrogant
rude = impolite
stubborn = obstinate
unreliable = untrustworthy
vain = conceited

Friday, July 18, 2008

Tuesday, July 15, 2008

Short Beginning Writing Assignments 1

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this -that

We use "here" for something which is near to us. Example: Here is the pencil in my hand.

We use "there" for something which is far from us. Example: There is the pen next to the lamp.

We use "this" for one object (singular) which is here (near to us). Example: This is a book in my hand.

We use "that" for one object (singular) which is there. Example: That is his car over there.

We use "these" for more than one object (plural) which are here (near to us). Example: These are my friends next to me.

We use "those" for more than one object (plural) which are there. Example: Those are his toys over there.

We use "there" for one object (singular) which exists - or "is" (near to us). Example: There is (There's) a table next to the window.

We use "there" for more than one object (plural) which exist - or "are". Example: There are (There're) many of my friends at the party tonight.

Sunday, July 13, 2008

GD Topic

1. People attend school for many different reasons (for example, expanded knowledge, societal awareness, and enhanced interpersonal relationships). Why do you think people decide to go to school? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
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Friday, July 11, 2008

Health and Healthcare

The words below are some of the most important used when talking about the Health and Healthcare.
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The words below are some of the most important used when talking about the Food.

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Family and Relationships

The words below are some of the most important used when talking about Family and Relationships.


The words below are some of the most important used when talking about the Environment.
Environment - Important Issues
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The words below are some of the most important used when talking about entertainment.
Entertainment - People


The words below are some of the most important used when talking about Education.
Education - Subjects
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The words below are some of the most important used when talking about Celebrations.
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The words below are some of the most important used when talking about Clothes. Words that are used only for women are marked with a 'w', words that are only used for men are marked with a 'm'.
Clothes - General
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A brief chronology of English

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Thursday, July 10, 2008

day 17

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day 16

Day 15

day 14


day 12

day 11

day 10

day 9

day 8

day 7

Day 6

Day 5

Day Four

Day Three

Day Two

Day one

Class room Speaking Activity

Let’s talk about your home town or village.
What kind of place is it?
What’s the most interesting part of your home area?
What kind of jobs do the people in your town/village do?
Is your home town changing?
Would you say it is a good place to live? Why?
What changes would you like to make to your home town?

Let’s talk about what you do. Do you work or are you a student?
What’s your job? Why did you choose that kind of work?
How long have you been doing it?
What is a typical day like at your work?
Are there things your don’t like about it? What are they?
What subjects are you studying?
Why did you choose those subjects? How long have you been studying them?
Do you enjoy them? Why?
Are there many job opportunities for you?
What is the best thing about studying?

SAT Vocabulary

Words Commonly Confused

Words Commonly Confused
accept, except
brake, break
desert, dessert
its, it's
presence, presents
vain, vane, vein
advice, advise
breathe, breath, breadth
device, devise
knew, new, know, no
principal, principle

affect, effect
by, bye, buy
faint, feint
later, latter
precede, proceed
vociferous, voracious
allot, a lot
can, may
farther, further
lead, led
quiet, quit, quite

all ready, already
canvas, canvass

lay, lie
rain, reign, rein
waist, waste

capital, capitol
fewer, less
leave, let
raise, rise
weak, weak
all together, altogether
cite, site, sight
formerly, formally
loose, lose
sea, see

allusion, illusion
clothes, cloths
forth, fourth
notable, noticeable
sit, set
wear, were, where
altar, alter
coarse, course
good, well
object, subject
stationary, stationery
weather, whether, rather
among, between
compare, contrast
hear, here
passed, past
statue, stature, statute
whose, who's
are, hour, our
compare to, compare with
hole, whole

your, you're
award, reward
complement, compliment
imply, infer
peace, piece
than, then

compare to, compare with
consul, council, counsel
incidence, incidents
plain, plane
their, there, they're

bad, badly
decent, descent, dissent
incite, insight
pore, pour
threw, through

beside, besides
delusion, illusion, allusion
instance, instants
precedence, precedent
to, too, two

Wednesday, July 9, 2008

Weakness Keywords

Stubborn- Unemotional- Sarcastic- Rebellious- Aloof-Oversensitive- Indecisive- Self-pitying- Lazy- Escapist-Moody- Short tempered- Self-involved- Impulsive- Impatient-Stubborn- Laziness- Possessive- Materialistic- Self-indulging-Superficial- Impulsive- Restless- Devious- Indecisive-Moody- Clingy- Self-pitying- Oversensitive- Self-absorbed